What is Dandruff

Dandruff are the small pieces of dead skin in a person’s hair. It is the cracking of dead skin cells from the scalp. Dandruff is not to be confused with a simple dry scalp. Dandruff is a common scalp disorder affecting just about half of the population at the post pubertal age and of any sex and society. The severity of dandruff may rise and fall with season as it often worsens in winter. Those affected by dandruff, find that can cause social or self-respect problems, signifying treatment for both physiological and psychological reasons.

Dandruff is an itchy and mostly a persistent skin problem in which the scalp produces and sheds new cells at an abnormally fast rate, which results in white flakes (old skin cells) falling from the scalp.

About Dandruff

How to remove dandruff

The dandruff is a fungus called Malassezia furfur. This causes a state of inflammation of the skin which leads to over-turn the Growth of epithelial cells in the escape. Going through this process of rapid scaling skin cells can not detach one by one, invisibly (as normally happens) but the process is much faster cells remain adherent to each other in the form of scales (peeled). It can be classified according to the age at which it occurs, can occur in adults and in infants. The areas most commonly affected by seborrheic dermatitis are areas centrofaciale-brow, middle brow median eyebrow-area, perioral area and scalp.

Dandruff is known as

  • Dandruff in German=Schuppen
  • Dandruff in Spanish or Portuguese= Schuppen Caspa
  • Dandruff in French =Pellicules (in French)
  • الهبرية قشرة الرأس (in Arabic)
  • Перхоть (in Russian)
  • Chaya(in Nepali,Hindi)
  • Forfora (in Italian)
  • 頭垢 (in Japanese)
  • 头皮 (in Chinese)
  • Rushi (in Hindi)

Dandruff In Other Languages

Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp ,dandruff are also known as scurf (Flakes on the surface of the skin that form as fresh skin develops below, occurring esp. as dandruff. ) or Pityriasis simplex capillitii, affects the scalp and causes flakes of skin to appear – it is a natural process. Our skin cells renew themselves. When the skin cells on our scalp are renewed the old ones are pushed to the surface and out of the scalp. A person with dandruff has faster skin cells renewal , meaning more dead skin is shed, making the dandruff more noticeable. Even though dandruff is very common, people actually know little about what causes and often relate it to poor hygiene which is not true, Dandruff are not causes by poor hygiene,

Dandruff Myths

  • Dandruff causes hair loss : Fact- Dandruff does not contribute to hair loss.
  • Dandruff causes pimples : Fact- Dandruff are dead cells, has nothing to do with pimples.
  • some people think their dandruff is caused by their scalp being too dry
  • Dandruff are not causes by poor hygiene

Types of Dandruff

It is a common form of skin Atopic dermatitis(is a long-term skin disorder that involves scaly and itchy rashes). that occurs in those parts of the body which has high oil (sebum) production. Body areas that are commonly affected are scalp, ears, face, chest, and folds of skin, underarms,or the skin below breasts, overhanging abdominal folds.

There are three common types of dandruff

  • Fungal Dandruff
  • Vinegar Dandruff
  • Dandruff Caused by products

Survey On Dandruff

With our limited resources and money we have conducted a small survey on dandruff,the result what we have got may not be generalized but it does provide a lot of information regarding dandruff,We have conducted survey with 200 boys and 140 girls,

Survey Data

Dandruff survey

As you can see from the above data; out of 200 boys 55 boys has dandruff and out of 150 girls 53 girls have dandruff,since people with dandruff may not have itchy scalp as dandruff are dead cells and do cause any problem to the hair or head; where as itchy scalp are cause by fungal dandruff which is acutally caused by yeast-like fungus.

Boys And Girls With Dandruff

total precentage of dandruff occurring in men and women

Ignoring the decimal values ; you can see in the above figure the percentage in total for girls and boys having dandruff is same though we have taken 60 more boys in the survey

Get Rid Of Dandruff

There are several ways that can help you in getting rid of dandruff, few of them could give a good result whereas some of them may not depending on your hair and skin conditions, I have selected best ways that can help you prevent, cure, and treat dandruff related problems.

Best Ways to Get rid of dandruff

Aloe Vera for Dandruff free hair

Alovera to get rid of dandruff

Aloe Vera contains vitamins, minerals and more than 200 other active components. Aloe vera contains B12 that helps in maintaining blood and nerve cells. Aloe vera is used in oil, hair cream, and shampoos for a better result in hair related problems like dandruff, hair fall, etc.

Solution: Apply aloe vera gel on your scalp, leave it for 20 minutes then wash your hair with water.

Lemon To avoid Dandruff

Lemon to get rid of dandruff

Lemon contains a rich amount of vitamin C which helps in increasing the overall immune system of your body. It functions as an antioxidant. Lemon can be very useful in treating dandruff problem.

Solution: Boils few lemons(1-2 is enough ) with 1 liter of water for 20 minutes, let it cool down and wash your hair with it, this will treat your dandruff problem.

Baking Soda for getting rid of dandruff

Baking powder to solve dandruff problemBaking soda to get rid of dandruff
NaHCO3 + H+ → Na+ + CO2 + H2O

Backing soda could be used to get rid of dandruff, In many cases baking soda treatment is found to be useful, baking soda is useful in curing other hair problems like hair fall and itchy scalp. This method is quite simple and cost-effective.
Solution: Apply few tsp baking powders on your scalp; massage well for 5-10 minutes, and wash your hair after 20 minutes.

Use Ginger to get rid of dandruff

Ginger to get rid of dandruff
Ginger Contains calcium, fatty acids, and eighteen amino acids, ginger has been used in Indian tradition since recent times. It is also used in ayurvedic medicines. Ginger can be really useful in treating dandruff and other hair related problems.

Ingredients: Ginger,Beet Root

Egg Treatment

Egg to get rid of dandruff

Egg contains many types of Vitamin B’s like B1, B2, B6, and B12, it also contains folate and other important vitamins and minerals. Vitamin B1 involved in the release of energy from carbohydrate which is important for brain and nerves. Eggs since they contain rich vitamin B’s are helpful in getting rid of dandruff.

Process: Take two eggs to mix them together and massage your hair for 2-3 minutes, leave it for 20 minutes and wash your hair with water.

Olive oil to treat dandruff problem

Olive oil to get rid of dandruff

Olive oil contains antioxidants and vitamins, olive oil is high in calories, it also contains omega-3, palmitoleic acid and other fatty acids in proper proportions that help to reduce bad cholesterol, olive oil is very good for hair so it is used in many medicated shampoos and hair oils. Olive oil has been proven to give quick result in getting of dandruff.
Process: Message your scalp well with olive oil or coconut oil; 20 minutes before going for a bath.

Yogurt treatment for dandruff

Yogurt to get rid of dandruff

Yogurt is a rich source of Vitamin B1, it also contains other Vitamins like B2 and other vitamins, and Yoghurt contains folic acid, Use Yoghurt to keep your hair healthy and dandruff free.

Process: Apply 5-6 tablespoon of Yoghurt and apply on your scalp, leave it for few hours and wash your hair.

Green Tea

Green tea to get rid of dandruff

Green tea is a good source of vitamin B2, Vitamin B2 plays an important part role in energy production. Green Tea has much medical use, it is useful in treating HIV and many types of cancers. However green tea is not recommended for regular use cause it may give you sleeping problems, Green tea does help in preventing dandruff since not much studies have been done on it to date hence it is difficult to predict how quickly it can help you to get rid of dandruff.

Process: Make a paste of green tea powder and apply on your hair leave it for 20-30 mins and wash your hair with clean water.

Gooseberry(Amla) to stop dandruff

Gooseberry is rich in vitamin A, Gooseberry is excellent for skin since vitamin A is essential in collagen production. Amla

It helps in producing Vitamin B complex. One Gooseberry consists of twice amount of Vitamin C contained in an orange, Amla improves the immune system. Gooseberry not only helps in preventing dandruff but it also improves your hairs’ health. Many medicated shampoos use amla as an ingredient.

Ingredients: Gooseberry Powder, Tulsi leaves if available

Solution: Take Gooseberry powder and mix it with tulsi leaves, grind it and apply on your scalp, leave it for 40-60 minutes and wash thoroughly with fresh water. If you couldn’t find tulsi, you may only use Gooseberry powder

Gram flour (besan) to stop dandruff

Gram flour to get rid of dandruff

Gram Flour is a good source of Iron, it contains 25% of iron and 4% calcium and 1% of Vitamin A, It is also rich in vitamin B6. Gram flour can be very useful for dandruff and skin related problems.

Ingredients: Gram Flour, Curd

Solution: Mix gram flour with curd and apply on your scalp, leave it for half an hour and wash your hair thoroughly with water.

Neem Leaves

Neem leaves to get rid of dandruff

Neem Leaves contains 23% of fat and about 21.6% of oil, neem contains rich amount of fatty acid. Neem has been highly valued in Ayurveda for years. Neem leaves can be used to get rid of dandruff. Neem can help to prevent dandruff and make your hair healthier.

Process: Make a fine paste of neem leaves and apply on your hair gently; leave it for 40-50 minutes and wash your hair.

Vitamin B is effective in controlling dandruff

Vitamin to get rid of dandruff

By now you have already come to know what all are good source of vitamin B and most of the method we have mentioned to get rid of dandruff actually contain either Vitamins E or Vitamins B. It is not necessary that you should only apply vitamins B on your hair to get rid of dandruff, you can also consume food that is rich in vitamins Bs . Cheese, Yoghurt, green vegetables, fish, peanuts and fruits are a good source of Vitamins B that you can consume in your daily diet.

Coconut oil

Coconut Oil to get rid of dandruff

Coconut oil is very good for hair to grow and to prevent dandruff, apply pure coconut hair oil daily and you will never have dandruff problem.